Published: January 18, 2014
Cardiovascular fitness refers to the ability of your cardiovascular system to deliver oxygen to your muscles, and for your muscles to utilize oxygen to provide energy for sustained periods of physical activity.
With good cardiovascular fitness your daily activities are accomplished more easily and you have more energy for other physical activities. A person who has low cardiovascular fitness will tire easily when participating in physical activity and may suffer from muscle soreness.
A person who has good cardiovascular fitness will not tire as easily and is less likely to suffer muscle soreness when participating in moderate levels of physical activity.
Cardiovascular fitness can provide many health benefits such as:
- Stronger lung and heart function and blood circulation
- Decreased risk of heart disease
- Lower blood pressure
- Lower resting heart rate
- Lower blood cholesterol
- May reduce intra-abdominal fat stores
- Improved self esteem
- Increased muscle strength and endurance
- Improved sleep
- Improved bone density
This article provides you with a brief overview of the cardiovascular system and oxygen delivery and includes the following topics:
- Improving cardiovascular fitness
- Measuring cardiovascular fitness
- The FITT Principle
- Aerobic and anaerobic fitness
Your cardiovascular system consists of your heart and circulatory system (arteries, capillaries, and veins), and your respiratory system (lungs and air passages). To have cardiovascular fitness you need to have a fit and healthy heart, arteries, capillaries, veins, and lungs.
The red blood cells in your blood also need sufficient haemoglobin for transporting oxygen to the tissues of your body such as muscle tissue. Oxygen...
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