Blood pressure, physical activity and nutrition
Published: October 28, 2022
Hypertension is sometimes referred to as the “silent killer”.
- Gender: the risk is greater in men than in women, but increases for women post menopause
- Age: blood pressure increases with age due to loss of elasticity in your arteries and capillaries
- Heredity: If a family member has hypertension this increases your risk
- Race: Highest risk among African Americans
- Smoking: increases the overall workload on your heart
- Alcohol consumption: more than 2 drinks per day may raise blood pressure
- interfere with drug therapy
- increase your risk for stroke independently of hypertension
- Overweigh/obesity: extra adipose tissue contains extra miles of capillaries through which blood must be pumped and increases workload of your heart
- Sedentary lifestyle: lack of physical activity
- High blood lipids (high cholesterol): contribute to atherosclerosis and hypertension
- Diabetes: people with diabetes type 2 who are overweight and insulin resistant;
- Pregnancy: pre-existing untreated hypertension increases risk of pre-eclampsia and eclamspia
The risk for heart disease (stroke) increases the higher your blood pressure above normal, regardless of your age or gender.
- the strength of your heart beat
- the elasticity of your arteries and capillaries
- how efficiently your blood flows through your cardiovascular system.
Blood pressure is the pressure that the blood pumped from your heart exerts on the walls of your blood vessels.