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Metabolic syndrome

Published: June 29, 2018

Healthy metabolism lets your body work like clockwork
Healthy metabolism lets your body work like clockwork

Metabolic syndrome describes the presence of several metabolic conditions which individually or collectively increase your risk for potentially life limiting/threatening conditions such as:

  • Insulin resistance identified as elevated glucose
  • Abdominal obesity
  • High blood triglycerides (hyperlipidemia)
  • Low high density lipoproteins (HDL)
  • High blood pressure

Any of these conditions individually increase your risk for cardiovascular disease and together amplify that risk.

Metabolic syndrome also increases your risk for developing type 2 diabetes, and non alcoholic fatty liver disease and may be implicated in the development of cancer, dementia, and infertility.
There may also be a connection with gastroesophageal disease (GERD), brain health, kidney health, and prostate cancer.
Prevalence of metabolic syndrome has increased globally as have the associated diseases. 
Age, gender, race, ethnicity, and lifestyle factors such as nutrition, physical activity, and whether you live in urban or rural areas, influence the prevalence of associated diseases.
The prevalence of metabolic syndrome in youth has also increased which may predict an increase in future risk for diabetes and cardiovascular disease for youth diagnosed with metabolic syndrome. 
Contributing factors..link to the full article to learn more.


Rexford S. Ahima (ed). Metabolic syndrome: a comprehensive text book Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016
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Whitney, E. & Rady Rolfes, S. (2005). Understanding Nutrition. Belmont, CA: Thomson Wadsworth
Laquatra. I (2000). Food nutrition and diet therapy: Nutrition for weight management. In K. Mann & S. Escott-Stump (Eds.) Krause's Food, Nutrition & Diet Therapy (2000).