Bananas: Make this nutritious fruit part of your nutrition package
Published: December 16, 2016
Bananas are one of the most popular fruits in the world, and besides being tasty and versatile they also provide you with a range of nutrients in a package which is convenient to pack as a snack and go.
- Bananas first cultivated in Southeast Asia and Africa thousands of years ago
- Bananas as we know them today originated from two wild species: Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana.
- The fleshy edible part of a banana contains seeds which in cultivated (sterile) varieties appear as tiny black granules
- Wild banana species contain many hard seeds still exist in New Guinea, Malaysia, Indonesia, China and the Philippines.
- Cultivated bananas are grown in at least 107 countries: major producers of bananas are India, China, Philippines, and Ecuador
- Fresh bananas are usually available all year round
- Bananas are a good source of potassium, vitamin B6, fibre and carbohydrate.
- The amount of sugar in a banana increases with its ripeness.
Potential health benefits
- decreased risk of heart disease
- reduced cholesterol
- improved weight management
- improved blood-glucose levels
- promotes a healthy large intestine
- may decrease risk of colon cancer
- Maintenance of fluid and electrolyte balance
- Transfer of nutrients in and out of body cells
- Facilitator for many chemical reactions that occur in your body cells
- Required for cell integrity
- Required for nerve impulse transmission
- Required for muscular contraction
- Bananas and the glycemic index
- Harvesting and transporting bananas
- Selecting and storing bananas
- Preparation and cooking bananas