Your Large Intestine and digestion
Published: June 26, 2015
Waste not want not! Your large intestine may be the location of the final stage of your digestive process, but this last stage of digestion requires a lot of activity.
Your large intestine is home to millions of bacteria which keep your gut healthy, and which produce nutrients for your body as a by product of bacterial fermentation of the non-digested food remants from your digestive process.
Various other processes occur in your large intestinve as the liquified remnants of digestion are squeezed through the last 1.5 meters of your gastrointestinal tract. The main functions of your large intestine are;
- absorption of nutrients and water
- re-absorption of nutrients and water
- elimination of waste products and water
Water and minerals are absorbed from liquified waste matter into your body while some minerals are secreted from your body into your gastrointestinal tract to maintain homeostasis within your body. In addition to assisting in the fluid balance of your body your large intestine supports the synthesis of: small intestine.
The large intestine extends from the ileum (small intestine) on the right side of your body in the lower abdominal cavity, upwards on your right side to just below your diaphragm where the muscular tube crosses to the left side of your body and then descends toward your left hip where it joins your rectum.
The main functions of your large intestine are absorption, re-absorption and elimination of nutrients, water and waste.
During the process of elimination the large intestine mixes and moves the remnants of digestion toward your rectum where the waste products of digestion are eliminated from your body through your anus. The large intestine also facilitates absorption of water, electrolytes, and a few...link to the full article to learn more.
Gropper, S.S., Smith, J.L. & Groff, J.L. (2005). Advanced Nutrition and Human Metabolism (4thEd.). Belmont, CA: Thomson Wadsworth.
Whitney, E. & Rady Rolfes, S. (2005). Understanding Nutrition. Belmont, CA: Thomson Wadsworth