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Vitamin B3: Niacin

Published: November 03, 2017

Mushrooms are a good plant source of thiamin
Mushrooms are a good plant source of thiamin

Vitamin B3, or niacin, is a water soluble vitamin essential for maintaining health.

As with other water soluble vitamins niacin cannot be stored in large amounts in your body for any length of time and your body supplies need to be replenished regularly.
However, unlike most essential vitamins which can only be sourced from dietary sources, niacin can be synthesised in your body from tryptophan an essential amino acid: an amino acid which is not synthesised within your body.
There are several forms of vitamin B3. Niacin is the generic term for both nicotinic acid and nicotinamide (or niacinamide) which are metabolically active in your body.
Functions
Niacin functions as part of the coenzymes nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and NADP (NAD + P=phosphate) which are essential in energy metabolism pathways required by approximately 200 enzymes.
A major function of NAD and NADH (NAD + a proton) is the transfer of electrons in the electron transport chain which produces ATP (Adenosine triphosphate) the energy molecule.
Niacin is also required for...link to the full article to learn more about vitamin B3.

Related Topics

Health  Micronutrients  Vitamins  Your Body 

References

1.
Gropper, S.S., Smith, J.L. & Groff, J.L. (2005). Advanced Nutrition and Human Metabolism (4thEd.). Belmont, CA: Thomson Wadsworth.
2.
Whitney, E. & Rady Rolfes, S. (2005). Understanding Nutrition. Belmont, CA: Thomson Wadsworth
3.
Centre for Science in the Public Interest (August, 2011). Nutrition Action Health Letter